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vSphere slotsfile 0x10000042 error

Every once and awhile when using SOIC (Storage IO Control) within ESXi the hosts will get out of wack with regards to reading and writing to the slotsfile. If you take a look at your syslog output you might see something like the below.

<14>2013-12-12T06:49:58.987Z vmsrv-13.uwgb.edu storageRM: open /vmfs/volumes//VM-LUN-1/.naa.60002ac0000000000000002900001234/slotsfile(0x10000042, 0x0) failed: No such file or directory
<14>2013-12-12T06:49:58.987Z vmsrv-13.uwgb.edu storageRM: Giving UP No such file or directory Error -1 opening SLOT file /vmfs/volumes//VM-LUN-1/.naa.60002ac0000000000000002900001234/slotsfile
<14>2013-12-12T06:49:58.987Z vmsrv-13.uwgb.edu storageRM: Error -1 in opening & reading the slot file
<14>2013-12-12T06:49:58.987Z vmsrv-13.uwgb.edu storageRM: Failed to read slot file

The correction to this is pretty fortunately is very simple.

Lets stop the SOIC service

/etc/init.d/storageRM stop

Now lets start it

/etc/init.d/storageRM start

Monitor the syslog entries for the next few seconds and you should see them clear up pretty quickly.

Original reference for this post came from Frank over at . Same issue, just seeing in a different area of vSphere.

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December 12, 2013 at 1:03 am Comments (0)

FreeNAS 8.3 and VMware ESXi’s VMXNet3 adapter

The built-in networking support under FreeNAS 8.3 is only the e1000 adapter and while it does “work” it really lacks performance in a virtual environment. To get around this limitation we need to install VMware Tools to support more modern networking adapters. While this question is ask time and time again in the FreeNAS forums and around I never see a straight forward solution for adding the VMXNet3 adapter. So here we go.

We’ll assume you already have your VM deployed with one e1000 and one vmxnet3 adapter and we are just loading in the drivers.

 

Add Perl

Pull up the shell or connect via SSH to your FreeNAS VM

mount -urw /
cd /tmp
pkg_add -r perl -K
tar -xjf perl.tbz
cp lib/perl5/5.12.14/mach/CORE/libperl.so  /lib

(the build number will change as time goes on)

Add compat6x

pkg_add -r compat6x-amd64

Install VMware Tools

It is assumed you are installing with the default options.

Install VMware tools as normal via the "Install/Upgrade VMware tools" menu option
mkdir /mnt/cdrom
mount -t cd9660 "/dev/iso9660/VMware Tools" /mnt/cdrom
cd /tmp
tar zxpf /mnt/cdrom/vmware-freebsd-tools.tar.gz
umount /mnt/cdrom
cd vmware-tools-distrib
./vmware-install.pl
/usr/local/bin/vmware-config-tools.pl

Ignore the failed notice for the memory manager. At this point VMware Tools is installed but still needs some tweaking.

VMware tools tweaking

vi /usr/local/etc/rc.d/vmware-tools.sh
Look for: if [ "$vmdb_answer_VMHGFS_CONFED" = 'yes' ]; then    and change yes to xyes
Look for: if [ "$vmdb_answer_VMMEMCTL_CONFED" = 'yes' ]; then    and change yes to xyes
Look for: if [ "$?" -eq 0 -a "$vmdb_answer_VMXNET_CONFED" = 'yes' ]; then    and change yes to xyes
save and close vi (escape wq enter)
rm /etc/vmware-tools/not_configured
reboot

Now within the FreeNAS WUI (Web User Interface) add an additional network adapter, you’ll see vmxnet3 adapter called “vmx3f0”.

 

I’m seeing the following differences when sequential data (4GB iso) to and from a test system via SSD and Gigabit infrastructure.

e1000 Adapter

  • Read: 50 MB/sec to 59MB/sec (for first 2GB then 73 MB/sec)
  • Write: 33.0 MB/sec to 35 MB/sec

VMXNet3 Adapter

  • Read: 93MB/sec to 95MB/sec
  • Write: 29.5 MB/sec to 42.1 MB/sec

My VM configuration

  • vCPU: 3
  • Ram: 6GB
  • Drives: 4GB vmdk, 3×1.5TB virtual RDM
  • Raidz
  • NIC: e1000(management),VMXNET3(data)
  • VM Hardware Version: VMX-09

My host config

  • CPU: Dual Xeon e5320’s
  • Ram: 24GB ECC DDR2
  • Controllers: IBM M1015 (IT firmware), LSI 8308ELP
  • Drives: 2x500GB(hardware mirror), 3×1.5TB(7200.11)(FreeNAS virtual RDM’s)
  • NIC: Onboard Intel 1000pro
  • OS: ESXi 5.1 Update 1

Sorry, no VT-d on this host to pass through the M1015 which may be giving me a small amount of overhead running the virtual RDM’s.

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March 13, 2013 at 8:24 pm Comment (1)

NAS4Free under ESXi

 

One surprising thing I noticed when testing out NAS4Free is the lack of documentation with regards to installation on VMware. I can understand a viewpoint that a NAS is a NAS and not to be anything else, but what about working loads where that kind of raw performance is not required (granted the virtualization overhead these days should be within 5-10% of physical). In any case the below instructions are written with running ESXi 5.1 with NAS4Free 9.1.0.1, for ease of reading the directions are broken down into three sections.

 

 

Initial download and VM configuration

 

1)      Download the latest x64 release at http://www.nas4free.org/downloads.html

2)      Create a new custom Virtual Machine (Assume defaults unless otherwise specified)

a)      Guest Operating System – Other – FreeBSD 64-Bit

b)      Virtual sockets – 3  (you can use less but I was seeing a significant performance hit with less than 3)

c)      Memory: 4GB (not a hard requirement but in general the more the better)

d)     Network

i)        Number of NICs: 2

ii)      NIC 1 Adapter: e1000
(The e1000 will be used for management only as the default NAS4Free install does not correctly load the VMXNet3 driver)

iii)    NIC 2 Adapter: VMXNet3
(The VMXNet3 adapter will be used for Samba/NFS/iSCSI traffic)

e)      SCSI Controller: LSI Logic Parallel

f)       Disk: 4GB, can be thin provisioned

3)      Finish creating the VM

4)      Edit the VM

5)      Add  your additional hard disks and assign them starting at 1:0, 1:1, 1:2 (virtual RDM’s are an option as well). One VMDK per disk unless your really just feature evaluating the setup.

a)      Optionally if supported you could use Direct-Path to pass through your favorite SCSI controller

6)      Change your newly created SCSI Controller to: LSI Logic SAS
(Paravirtual does not function with the version of Vmware tools pre-bundled with the NAS distro)

7)      Select “OK” to complete the modifications

 

 

NAS4Free base install

 

1)      Boot the VM and start it off of the recently downloaded ISO

2)      Walk-through the normal installer screens selecting” Install ‘embedded’ OS on HDD/FLASH/USB”
(Full is extremely buggy at this point and only really used for NAS4Free developers)

3)  Install onto the 4GB volume

4)  After the install completes, reboot and disconnect the ISO volume

5)  Configure your mangement IP

 

 

Configuring your new VM

 

1)      Login to the web administration to the new VM

2)      Select System –> Advanced

3)      Select rc.conf

4)      We need to add some custom tuning for the VM

a)      Add – Name: vmguestd_enable – Value: Yes

b)      Add – Name: vmsetup_enable – Value: Yes

c)      Optionally (useful for debugging sometimes)

i)        Add – Name: dmesg_enable – Value: Yes

5)      Apply changes

6)      System –> Reboot

 

At this point the VM should be fully useable. If running into performance problems TOP within the VM and the vSphere performance graphs should be where to start looking. VM CPU usage and disk latency are generally the first points of issue.

Enjoy.

 

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March 9, 2013 at 4:45 pm Comments (12)

Emulex & ESXi6 drivers

Looks like ESXi6 support is showing up already for certain Emulex controllers. Talk about being over achievers!

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June 28, 2012 at 8:55 am Comments (0)

vCenter Appliance and multiple network cards

The VMWare vCenter Appliance is a quick and easy method of deploying vCenter. But as with any 1.0 release there are many features which people are looking for before utilizing in a production environment, beyond the third-party plug-in, update manager, linked-mode, ect there is a lack of ability to support multiple network cards. When checking on the web interface for the vCenter Appliance administration there is no ability to address more than one network card.

Luckily this can be corrected with use of the command line.

 

  1. Edit your vCenter Appliance and add the additional network card (VMXNet3)
  2. Via the vCenter Appliance console login locally with root
  3. cd /etc/sysconfig/network
  4. cp ifcfg-eth0 ifcfg-eth1
  5. vi ifcfg-eth1
  6. Update the device to be eth1 and correct the IP addressing information
  7. Restart

Now the vCenter appliance will be available on two addresses in potentially different subnets.

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December 16, 2011 at 3:10 pm Comment (1)

Server 2008 R2 Core Memory Usage with vSphere

A few weeks back while testing a Server 2008 R2 Core install I was curious what the resource usage impact was when comparing it to some other editions of Windows Server.

 

2008 R2 Core without VMWare Tools installed runs a page file of 282MB while with VMWare Tools installed hovers at 401MB. Lastly when testing against a full 2008 R2 Standard install with VMWare Tools installed we are sitting at 461MB for memory usage. For comparison, I also included a base Server 2003 R2 install showing even lighter resource usage yet.

Definitely less is more, but it goes to show that there is a a 60MB savings in memory usage by using a core install over the full-install. The bigger surprise was finding out that VMWare Tools alone used 119MB on the test system.

 

April 1, 2011 at 9:22 pm Comments (0)